Mariamman Temple is situated on Tiruchirappalli Chennai NH 45, just 20
kms north of Tiruchirappalli town.The Maariamman Temple here, is one of
the well visited shrines in Tamilnadu, dedicated to Maariamman, a manifestation
of the primeval energy Shakti as the mother Goddess all sundays, tuesdays
and fridays hundreds of devotees throng the temple and perform Poojas.
The offerings are in various forms.The most common offering is the Mavilakku
Mavu made of jagery, riceflour,dhal and ghee. Mariamman is a form of Shakti
worshipped in Tamilnadu, and is associated with prosperity and health.
Local beliefs associate this deity with cures for diseases such as small
pox and chicken pox.
has it that Shiva created Kali, out of the poison that he had swallowed,
and decreed that he kill Daarukaasuran. Having originated from the Kaalakoota
poison, she assumed the name Kaali. Mariamman is believed to be a form
of Kaali, and is also known as Mahamaayi or Seethala Gowri.Dasaratha,
father of Rama is said to have worshipped here. It is believed that the
processional image of Mariamman was in the possession of the Vijayanagar
monarchs and that as their empire neared destruction, this image was brought
down to Tamilnadu in an ivory palanquin. It is believed that the palanquin
bearers placed image on the ground and paused for rest, and then found
themselves to be unable to lift it off the ground. A temple was then established
in the vicinity of Tiruchirappalli, which was later expanded by Vijayaranga
Chokkanatha Nayak of Madurai of the 18th century. Samayapuram
was the local capital of Vijayanagar rulers and was known as Vikramapuram.
This temple has separate shrines for
the processional image of Mariamman and the moolavar in the sanctum. There
is also a shrine to Karuppannasaami a local deity.
Annual festivals are celebrated during
Thai Poosam, and in the tamil months of Pankuni and Chittirai. The last
Sunday of Pankuni marks the commencement of the festival, while the chariot
festival is celebrated on the first Tuesday in the month of Chittirai,
and the float festival is celebrated a week later.